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The Journal of Sport and Healt Research (JSHR) is an associated journal to D.A.A. association, a professional health journal, sport and education.

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Lunes, 06 de Enero de 2020 21:04

EFFECTS OF A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAMME INTERVENTION IN ONCOLOGICAL PATIENTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

 

ABSTRACT

 

Sedentary is a phenomenon considered responsible for developing non-communicable diseases. The realization of physical activity has proven to be one of the most effective interventions to combat them, increasing the benefits for the health of the population and their quality of life. The aim of this review was to know what types of intervention proposals made from physical activity, have been developed in patients with cancer and what are the effects and benefits in the preventive and coadjutant levels of pharmacological therapy. The search strategy was articulated in 3 phases, consulting the Web of Science, Scopus, SciencieDirect and MEDLINE (PubMed) databases. The terms "cancer" were used as search criteria, using the Boolean operator "AND", combined with physical activity, quality of life, risk factor, primary care (descriptors DeCS and MeSH). Of the 5.146 results obtained initially, 21 references were selected for this study. The articles analyzed focus mainly on physical activity programs for the benefit of people with oncological treatment, in the analysis of functional capacity and the influence of physical activity on survivors of cancer. After the analysis, we found coincident findings with the national and international literature regarding the benefit of physical activity in oncological patients, being several studies that refer the decrease of the negative symptomatology and the increase of the quality of life of these patients. In conclusion, physical exercise, adapted to their needs and possibilities, can reverse the symptoms of fatigue and physical deconditioning experienced by cancer patients, improving their physical condition and quality of life.

 

KEY WORDS

physical activity, cancer, quality of life, risk factors and primary care.

 

 
Journal of Sport and Health Research - 2009