Newsflash


PDF Imprimir E-mail
Domingo, 13 de Octubre de 2019 20:10

THE EFFECTS OF THREE DIFFERENT TYPES OF TRAINING IN FUNCTIONAL FITNESS AND BODY COMPOSITION IN OLDER WOMEN

 

ABSTRACT

 

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of three different training protocols with 8 months in functional fitness and body composition of elderly women. Material and methods: Eighty community-dwelling elderly women were randomly divided into four groups: (i) control group (68.55 ± 5.24 years); (ii) multicomponent training group (68.70 ± 6.51 years), (iii) muscle power training group (66.30 ± 3.87 years) and finally, (iv) resistance training group (67.10 ± 5.46 years). A total body scan in dxa equipment assessed the body composition. The functional fitness (ff) was evaluated with the functional fitness test. A multivariate analysis (anova) with repeated measures on each dependent variable allowed to detect differences in each group and time. The bonferroni test allowed to assess the group x time interaction. Anova revealed no significant effect on time x group interception in body composition variables. Results: A significant effect on intercept time x group in tests of upper body flexibility in control group (p=0.028), multicomponent training group (p=0.001) and muscle power training group (p=0,002) and lower body flexibility multicomponent training group (p<0.001), muscle power training group (p=0.003); and resistance training group (p=0.002); aerobic endurance in multicomponent training group (p<0.001); upper body strength in multicomponent training group (p=0.005), muscle power training group (p=0.008) and resistance training group (p=0.007) and lower body strength in multicomponent training group (p=0.045) and muscle power training group (p=0.006) were founded. Discussion: Our study suggests that, independently of type of training, independent community-dwelling elderly women should improve their functional performance with appropriate exercise programs. Conclusion: We can conclude that 8 months training programs did not induce significant changes to body composition. However, changes in ff were observed.

 

KEY WORDS

elderly, women, body composition, functional fitness, trainings.

 

 
Journal of Sport and Health Research - 2009