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JSHR is a multidisciplinary journal that features investigations, studies, and reviews on current topics in sports, physical activity, health and education.

IMPORTANCE OF NUTRITION IN WEIGHT LOSS STRATEGIES IN COMBAT SPORTS

 

ABSTRACT

 

The purpose of this study was to establish the nutritional requirements and dietary strategies that can optimize the performance in combat sports. These include a wide variety of disciplines in which optimal body composition is required, as well as the development of muscular strength and power, flexibility, and anaerobic capacity development and aerobic power. For all this, food, hydration and nutrition play an important role in the development of them. The selection of articles was done by keywords martial arts y wrestling in combination with rapid weight loss, weight cutting, weigh-in, weight-loss, nutrition, hydration, sport nutrition, supplement, y ergogenic aids in the Elsevier, Medline, Pubmed and Web of Knowledge databases. In order to achieve optimal body composition, weight loss programs in combat athletes should be based on a progressive program that seeks to reduce the fat component (avoiding fast weight loss methods). These athletes should cover an intake of 2 g·kg·day-1 protein and up to 8-10 g·kg·day-1 carbohydrate, with lipid intake being 20-25% of energy intake. In addition, the athlete can optimize his performance if he realizes a previous hydration plan, during and after the effort. Providing adequate nutrition to help control performance limiting factors, facilitating good recovery after workouts and competitions, and helping to create better physiological adaptations for the combat sport performance is of vital importance.

 

KEY WORDS

Body Composition, Dietetic Strategy, Hydration, Sports Performance.

 

 
Journal of Sport and Health Research - 2009