Newsflash

The Journal of Sport and Healt Research (JSHR) is an associated journal to D.A.A. association, a professional health journal, sport and education.

HEALTH RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS IN YOUTH WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

 

ABSTRACT

 

Objetive. The physical fitness and your relationship with health status of people with intellectual disability (ID) is a topic of growing interest in the international scientific literature. However, there are few investigations of this type made with national population, due the lack of specific tools. This study aims to assess health-related fitness (HRPF) among Spanish youth with intellectual disability (ID).

Materials and methods. 29 youth people with ID (51,7% females; 19,4± 3,4 years), included 6 subjects with Down Syndrome (DS) participed on the study. Variables measures: weight, height, waist circumference (WC), and resting heart rate (RHR). Variables calculated: body mass index (BMI). HRPF assessed (body composition, aerobic functioning, muscular strength/endurance and flexibility) using “Brockport Physical Fitness Test” (BPFT).

Results. For all participants, HRPF scores were below the lower limit of the healthy range in the four components analyzed. The men had scores within the healthy range in four test, (three for muscular endurance strength and one for flexibility) and women by two, (one for body composite and another one for muscular strength endurance). The only two significant differences were observed in hand dynamometry scores by gender (p = 0.011) and flexibility for severity of ID (p = 0.028).

Conclusion. Youth people with DI, including those with DS, have a low level of HRPF globally, which is apparently not influenced by gender, severity of ID or BMI. Studies with larger samples are need to confirm our outcomes.

 

KEY WORDS 

health related physical fitness; intellectual disability; youth.

 

 
Journal of Sport and Health Research - 2009