The Journal of Sport and Healt Research (JSHR) is an associated journal to D.A.A. association, a professional health journal, sport and education.

Del Castillo-Andrés, Ó.; Campos-Mesa, M.C.; Ries, F. (2013). Gender equality in Physical Education from the perspective of Achievement Goal Theory. Journal of Sport and Health Research. 5(1):57-70.



Knowledge of the processes of gender socialization and their relationship with teachers and sport has become a topic of great social interest. The aim of this study is to assess adolescents’ motivational factors regarding gender-equal Physical Education (PE) in six high schools in Seville (Spain). We used an ad-hoc questionnaire on a sample of 430 students whose ages ranged between 12 and 14 years old. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed using a group of experts, statistically and carrying out a pilot testing. Reliability was established by a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .703. For obtain the relationships between the students' responses to the dimensions of the questionnaire and the teachers' gender, we conducted a cluster analysis to obtain homogeneous groups according to certain characteristics. The results reveal sexist patterns on motivational factors in regards to the students’ attitude towards PE, interest in sports, health, body image, social relationships, avoiding to fail in this subject, understanding PE as an alternative to passive leisure. The findings indicate that we need to focus the contents of PE practical lessons towards the task, if we want that both male and female pupils show the same motivation towards PE lessons, and if we want the subject to be taught in a more gender- equal way. 


Teacher student interaction; educational discrimination; secondary education; observation methods; physical education. 

Journal of Sport and Health Research - 2009